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Don’t ignore men’s mental health

It is time we start supporting men’s mental health more. In 2018, the UK male suicide rate of 17.2 deaths per 100,000. This figure is much lower than for women where the UK rate is 5.4 deaths per 100,000.

Mental health issues can affect any of us regardless of age, sex or lifestyle and none of us are immune to the risk of developing a mental health condition at some time in our lives. We are all vulnerable to experiencing depression and anxiety and there should not be any shame in admitting it and getting help when necessary.

In the UK, a quarter of the population will experience some type of mental health problem each year. In England alone one in six people report a common mental health issue each week. Depression and anxiety are the most common, but other issues may be linked to phobia, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), panic disorders and mental illness such as personality disorders and physcotic conditions which can develop over time.

Men’s Mental Health Facts

In truth the number of mental health conditions is likely to be far higher than statistics suggest. This is because mental health issues are often undiagnosed in men with many men suffering in silence rather than seeking out help. According to mental health charities, men’s mental health is in a silent crisis; where common warning signs are often missed and nobody realises there is a problem until it is too late.

In fact men’s mental health can be a killer and men’s mental health statistics make for some grim reading.

Men's Mental Health - Man struggling with depression

UK statistics on male suicide

Male suicide is the biggest cause of death for men aged under 35. And male suicides make up 75% of all reported suicides each year according to the office of National Statistics. A percentage that has not changed since the 1990s.

Scotland is particularly at risk with reported suicides set at 16.1 deaths per 100000.

Although suicide is the biggest cause of death for men aged under 35, males aged between 45 to 49 have the highest age specific rate of suicide at 27.1 deaths per 100,000.

This is not this age group’s biggest risk to health because there are other health conditions that can affect the older age group, whereas for the under 35 age group it is the biggest killer.

However the message is very clear. Men’s mental health is leading to suicide in a way that is far in excess of the risk for women.

The stigma around men’s mental health.

The stigma around mental health for men mainly comes down to social conditioning. Many men feel there is a stigma attached to reporting mental health issues and there can be a wide range of reasons why men feel that they cannot talk about their feelings or visit a doctor for help.

Men are often bought up with unrealistic expectations that they have to be strong and in control. When things go wrong in life as they often do, negative feelings can spiral out of control and they have no way of coping with these new feelings.

Many men report that they do not want to waste the doctor’s time, they struggle with admitting they need help, they are embarrassed or ashamed about their feelings. Others feel that they have got it, “all under control” and they do not want to admit that they need support.

Men rarely talk about their feelings in the same way as women.  Many men do not have an outlet to chat with friends away from general topics and banter and many feel that if they did admit to feeling anxious or depressed to their friends, they would be ridiculed. Real men don’t cry is a common expression that sadly many men still believe.

Although some men may talk about their mental health with a partner, in most cases any mental health difficulties are hidden away and brushed under the carpet from the people closest to them.  For men this is a difficult conversation to have and sadly many women can fail to pick up on underlying clues.

In addition if there are financial difficulties and stress many men feel that they have to shoulder the burden.  Keeping a mental health issue secret, leads to feelings becoming overwhelming and if this is not managed with support, this isolation often leads to suicide.

According to mental health statistics reported by the Priory clinic, 40% of men will not talk to anyone about mental health, leaving them feeling vulnerable and isolated.

What are the common causes?

Worries about things such as money, financial hardships and the difficulties of the benefit system and the difficulty in coping can all lead to poor mental health. Men also make up the majority of the prison population and prison officers are noticing a huge rise in self harm.

The Samaritans have identified six key themes in the rise of suicides in the middle aged group of men.

  • Male personality traits can interact with factors such as deprivation, unemployment, social disconnection and triggering events, such as relationship breakdown or job loss, to increase the risk of suicide.
  • Macho behaviour. Men often respond to stress by taking risks, like misusing alcohol and drugs.
  • Relationship breakdowns – marriage breakdown is more likely to lead men to suicide than it is for women.
  • Mid life crisis. Middle aged men are currently experiencing more mental health problems and unhappiness compared to younger and older people.
  • Inability and disinclination to speak about emotions. Men are much less likely than women to have a positive view of counselling or therapy, and will only tend access these when they are at crisis point.
  • Socio-economic factors – unemployed people are 2-3 times more likely to die by suicide than those in work. The suicide rate increases during times of economic recession.

According to statistics from the Samaritans, men living in a deprived area are 10 times more likely to die from suicide, than men who live in more affluent areas.

Men's Mental Health - Man struggling with financial worries

How to spot the warning signs of poor mental health and depression

A mental health issue cannot be complete internalised or hidden. If you are worried about your own mental health or that of a man close to you or an employee or work colleague there are warning signs that should alert you to a potential problem. In most cases, men will experience a range of these behaviour changes.

This check list is not a diagnosis of a mental health issue but it does show you when concerns should be raised. Obviously you might not know the answers to some of these questions if you are working with a man in a professional capacity.

  • Lack of interest in sex. This is a common effect of low mental health.
  • Emotional outbursts. Sudden mood changes, anger, extreme distress irritability, can all flag up concerns about mental health
  • Persistent depression and sadness. If you notice a lack of motivation and a general low mood that persists , it could be a sign of depression
  • Changes to sleep patterns. Lack of sleep at night combined with feeling tired and irritable the next morning is a classic sign of depression. If you notice that somebody is not performing well in the morning, there could be an underlying problem.
  • Low appetite and disinterest in food.
  • Changes to normal hygiene and personal grooming levels. If a man is usually smartly dressed yet is now turning up to work unshaved and in unclean clothes it could be sign he is letting himself go because of depression.
  • Drinking too much or taking drugs in an effort to escape from reality. Turning up to work with a hangover again is a sign that things may have got out of control.
  • Becoming quiet and withdrawn and shunning social activities and interests that the person once enjoyed. Knowing the people you work with will give you the insight that there may be mental health issues going on.
  • Increase in physical ailments such as flu, gastric problems and headaches. Psychosomatic ailments are a classic sign that a person is depressed.
  • Forgetful or spaced out behaviour. If a man is dealing with inner turmoil, this may result in changes to punctuality and ordinary behaviour, leading to uncharacteristic errors and mistakes.

Mental Health Awareness

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How we can make simple changes to improve men’s mental health?

It is normal to sometimes struggle with mental health so having a conversation that explains that everyone suffers from this occasionally and there is no shame or blame attached may help open up the conversation. Explain how bottling up feelings and emotions can only lead to a worsening of the problem.

Be understanding and non judgemental. Take time to listen and focus on what the man is telling you. Many men struggle with expressing themselves emotionally and it can be frustrating, but if you can get a man to actually speak about their feelings, it is a step in the right direction.

Getting out in nature can help. Exercise and the great outdoors can boost mood and improve self esteem simply by making the person feel better. Walking is also a good place to chat and to open up about feelings.

A change of scene and routine can improve mood. A time spent away from the usual routine can help clear the head and give a fresh perspective. If you are an employer, advising some time off may help.

Think of some novel ideas that are fun and enjoyable. A trip out to a new place, a visit to a cinema or a music or sports event such as a football match or gig by a favourite band, can lift mood and make life more bearable.

Noting a potential mental health issue and taking steps early is a good way to avert a potential problem. Sadly many men will not open up and say anything is wrong until they are at crisis point. Even then, many will be in denial.

Men's Mental Health being discussed

Mental Health Courses

Mental health awareness is important in the workplace and it is important to understand how to best support someone with a mental health issue.

The Mental Awareness Course teaches the basics of mental health and examines the risk factors, mental health care, social attitudes to mental illness and the legislation surrounding mental health. This provides a good grounding for anyone across all industries and offers a good introduction to this subject.

Other courses focus on specific issues. Depression is the most common mental health issue affecting 1 in 6 of us at any given time. Taking a course on depression will help you identify and understand depression and support sufferers. Men are particularly at risk from depression so if you do work with men the chances are that at least one of your coworkers or employees may be struggling with this common mental health issue.

Men’s mental health charities and support

There are mental health charities that offer a range of different types of support, much of it specifically aimed at men. This can be in the form of male support groups, one to one counselling, phone support and more.

Mind is a mental health charity that provides fantastic support and information for everyone. The charity has numerous local offices across the UK and offers counselling, advice and support for men’s mental health issues. This is a great resource for information and advice about mental health. It will also help you navigate the mental health system so that you can receive the right professional treatment in order to aid recovery.

CALM – the Campaign Against Living Miserably, leads the movement against suicide, the biggest killer of men in the UK with on average 18 suicides a day. This charity offers support via phone line, web chat and the website and is available 365 days a year. The help line is operational from 5pm to midnight every day.

Brothers In Arms is a men’s mental health charity, operational only in Scotland. It is aimed at providing support to men in crisis. It is aimed at men between 16 and 45 but is open to men of any age. It is designed to reach to men of all ages and help men find support when they need it without fear of failure. According to the website, Brothers in Arms was inspired by CALM and transferred to Scotland, the place with the highest rate of male suicide in the UK.

The Men’s Sheds Association offers a novel approach to improving male mental health issues. The simple premise is that every man needs a shed and these are fun community spaces for men to converse, communicate and create. Sponsored by household names Ronseal and Triton Power tools, this charity aims to reduce male isolation and is a small but growing movement.

Safeline is a mental health charity that helps men who have suffered from rape and sexual abuse and are now offering suffering in silence with mental health issues. There is a staggering 5 million men in the UK who are victims of this, and this charity offers a range of specialist support via email, text and phone as well as counselling services, group activities and therapies.

The Men’s Health Forum offers health advice for all men including on mental health issues. The aim is to improve the statistic that one in five men dies before the age of 65 so this site looks at all aspects of male health and how to improve it.
The Samaritans was founded in 1953 and is aimed at providing emotional support via their helpline for people who are desperate or contemplating suicide.

The Samaritans was founded in 1953 and is aimed at providing emotional support via their helpline for people who are desperate or contemplating suicide.

In conclusion

Men’s mental health issues often go unreported and undiagnosed with many men simply soldiering on in silence and suppressing their emotions. However men’s health statistics tell a different story. This failure to deal with mental health problems does lead to a very high suicide rate for men of all ages, so it is no exaggeration to classify male mental health as a priority issue that needs to be addressed right now.

We all need to change the stigma associated with mental health and examine the culture that leaves men feeling so isolated and unable to admit to needing any emotional help and support.

According to statistics, millions of people of all ages and from all walks of life suffer from a mental health condition, so if you are a man who is currently experiencing poor mental health, reaching out to friends and professionals will show you that you are not alone.

Out dated male stereotypes such as “real men don’t cry”, only increases the pressure on men to bottle up their feelings. The truth is that in most cases, people do get over mental health issues such as depression and anxiety if they receive the proper support before it is too late.

If you are concerned about your own mental health or that of loved one or colleague, it is important to take action now to ensure there is not a tragedy later.

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About the author

Jane Higgins

Jane Higgins

Jane works with the CPD Online College to produce great articles and has been with us since 2019. Specialising in numerous areas of content, Jane has a vast writing experience and mainly works on our health & safety and mental health posts. Outside work Jane enjoys playing music, learning foreign languages and swimming in the sea even when it is far too cold for comfort!



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